Synthetic Procedures – A Powerful Instrument for Auditors
(Relevant to Paper eight – Guidelines of Auditing and Supervision Information Systems) David Chow FCCA, FCPA, CPA (Practising)
Auditors normally carry out the subsequent types of audit checks to determine if financial statements are fairly stated: (i) procedures to acquire an understanding of internal control (ii) testing of controls (iii) substantive tests: • substantivetestsoftransactions; • analyticalprocedures; and • testsofdetailsofbalances.
assessment of risks of material misstatement on the assertion level includes a great expectation that controls will be operating successfully. This means that auditors perform tests of settings only when: (i) a system is out there; and (ii) the system features controls. The performance of tests of controls is usually to establish if those controls in the devices are actually working properly and effectively in order that the auditors may determine whether they can trust the handles. Substantive tests Substantive tests (also generally known as substantive procedures) are procedures designed to evaluation for money errors or irregularities directly affecting thecorrectnessoffinancialstatementbalances. Auditors execute substantive testing in an review to discover material misstatement at the declaration level. Substantive tests of transactions emphasize theverificationoftransactionsrecordedinthe journalsandthenpostedinthegeneralledger. Analytical types of procedures emphasize the overall reasonableness of transactions plus the general journal balances. Checks of information on balances consider the final balances in the general journal.
Auditors conduct types (i) and (ii) audit tests to reduce evaluated control risk, whereas substantive tests prefer reduce planned detection risk. There are 3 types of substantive evaluation: substantive assessments of deals, analytical types of procedures, and assessments of detailsofbalances. Auditors conduct audit procedures (see below) in the form of thorough audit actions so as to achievethespecificauditobjectives. Indeedall review procedures get into any one of the five types of tests, and several of them may serve as morethanonetypeoftest. Tests of controls Auditors perform checks of regulates when their particular
T/Dialogue The spring 2009
Romantic relationship between tests of handles and hypostatic tests In tests of controls, an exception is only indication of the probability of errors or perhaps irregularities impacting on the buck value from the financial claims, whereas very in hypostatic tests is a financial declaration misstatement. Conditions in tests of settings aresignificantonlyiftheyoccurwithsufficient consistency to cause the auditors to believe that there may be materials dollar misstatements in thefinancialstatements. Auditorswould then simply need to plan to perform substantive tests to determine whether money misstatements include actuallyoccurred. Bright readers may have noticed that analytical methods serve as both audit tests and review procedure. Discussing study the roles of analytical proceduresinanaudit. Analytical techniques refers to the analysis of significant percentages and tendencies including the ensuing investigation of fluctuations and relationships which have been inconsistent to relevant info or which usually deviate via predictedamounts. Characteristics of synthetic procedures T h electronic s e m a y m e a c h we e versus e d t h r um u g h t h e consideration of comparisons in the entity's financialinformationwith, forexample: • Comparableinformationforpriorperiods Auditors utilize the following types of audit types of procedures to collect review evidence: (i) (ii) (iii) (v) (vi) inspection observation inquiry recalculation re-performance • Theentity'santicipatedresults • Similarindustryinformation. When you are performing analytical methods, the auditors examine both equally financial info and nonfinancial...